Brick types

If you ever laid in bed unable to nod off because you were worried that you didn’t know the different types of bricks in the UK? - let me help you out.

Engineering bricks

Class A - Blues (Staffordshire blues) - fired at a high temperature so hard as nails and impervious, use as a damp proof course or as pavers or wall toppers or in engineering works!

Class B - Reds / semi-engineering bricks - not so highly fired but still suitable in damp conditions such as paving.

Accrington Bricks - semi engineering brick, made up North. Used in the Empire State building foundations so they must be good!

Common Bricks

Slightly rougher looking

Used in Internal skins - so hidden from view

May have holes, may not

Facing Bricks

Smart ,show to the world external skin brick

Sharper edges

Clean face

Handmade bricks

Clay and water hand worked into moulds and air dried then kiln dried

Sometimes have animal footprints in!

Will be FULL of character - wonky, various sizes, have splits and lots of colours

Machine made Bricks

More Modern clay or concrete mix bricks that are even in size and colours, kiln dried


Extruded out of a “die” and cut with wires that leave characteristic drag marks


Clay machine pressed into moulds and kiln dried, uniform size, colours


Cants and Plinth bricks - have either a sloping header (cants) or stretcher (plinths)

Bullnose bricks - have a curved edge to them

Half round copings - have two curved edges


Firebricks are known by various names including fire-clay, chamotte, refractory and fireplace bricks. They are made from clays which contain a high level of silica and alumina with traces of iron and manganese. Used in fireplaces, coveted for building pizza ovens!

We can help you choose the best option for your project so that you don’t need to memorise this!


Recent Posts

See All